At the secondary prevention level, we try to detect a disease early, identify risks and try to prevent the disease and its symptoms from progressing. Some of the assessments used to identify risks include blood pressure tests, blood glucose tests, cholesterol tests, bone density tests, body mass index or waist-to-hip ratio calculations, and fitness assessments.
Here are some steps to take if you’d like to use physical activity as a form of secondary prevention:
How to decide if physical activity is right for you.
- Call the Physical Activity Line and fill out a Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q+).
- Have a fitness assessment and/ or lifestyle appraisal by a qualified exercise professional.
- If you have a family history of health problems, are overweight or obese, or haven’t been physically active for several years, you should talk to your doctor before becoming more active.
What types of activities to do?
There are 3 types of activities to keep your body healthy:
- Activities for strong bones and muscles.
- Activities for safe and healthy joints and muscles.
- Activities for healthy and strong heart and lungs.
Adults should work toward doing 30 or more minutes of moderate activity 5-7 days per week. Children and youth should do 90 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week. Remember, activity doesn’t have to be done all at once. It can be done 10-15 minutes at a time.